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تاريخچه اتومبيلهاي کلاسيک بنز

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معرفي 74 مدل از بنزهاي کلاسيک در سالهاي 1886 تا 1980

1886 Benz Patent Motor Car

First high-speed single-cylinder four-stroke engine. The Benz Patent Motor Car was not a converted carriage but an independent, integral design.

 

1886 Daimler Motor Carriage

In contrast to the Benz Patent Motor Car, Daimler's first automobile was a carriage — without a drawbar but with the conventional drawbar steering. A carriage without horses.

 

1889 Daimler Steel Wheel Car

A major step ahead in automotive development was taken by Daimler and Maybach with the design of their steel-wheel car with two-cylinder V-engine.

 

1893 Benz "Victoria"

Karl Benz's cars remained three-wheelers until the early nineties. The design of an operational axle pivot steering paved the way for four-wheeled cars.

 

1894 Daimler Belt-Driven Car

Maybach developed the Phoenix engine with two parallel, vertical cylinders cast in one block and a camshaft for controlling the exhaust valves.

 

1894 Benz "Velo"

The Benz "Velo" entered the automotive history books as the first small car and the world's first large-scale production car.

 

1897 Daimler "Phoenix"

In 1897 DMG introduced a new automobile that was the first to feature a front-mounted engine

 

1901 Mercedes 35 hp

First Mercedes model series with powerful lightweight engines, long wheelbase and low center of gravity.

 

1901 Mercedes 8/11 hp

The 8/11 hp was the third variant to be added to the first Mercedes model series in August.

 

1902 Mercedes 40 hp Simplex

The second Mercedes model series (Simplex) above all featured more powerful engines and a number of detail improvements which facilitated operation.

 

1903 Mercedes 60 hp Simplex

The Mercedes 60 hp Simplex became the ancestor of generations of Mercedes racing and sports cars.

 

1902/1903 Benz "Parsifal"

The "Parsifal" series comprised three two-cylinder models with propeller shaft drive as well as a chain-driven 16 hp four-cylinder model.

 

1908 Mercedes 35 hp Kardan car

DMG launched its first car with propeller shaft drive in the spring of 1908.

 

1910/1911 Mercedes 16/40 hp Knight

The Mercedes Knight models were powered by engines with sleeve valves, an invention of the American Charles J. Knight.

 

1911 Mercedes 8/18 hp

In August 1911, the model range was complemented by the addition of another reasonably priced model in the lower displacement category, the Mercedes 8/18 hp.

 

1911 Mercedes 37/90 hp

In June 1911 a new top model — the Mercedes 37/90 hp — was introduced, with four-cylinder engine, three-valve technology and dual ignition.

 

1914 Mercedes 28/95 hp

The 28/95 hp was the first Mercedes to be fitted as standard with the characteristic pointed radiator and external exhaust pipes running in metal tubes.

 

1921 Benz 10/30 hp

Alongside the 16/50 hp, the four-cylinder 10/30 hp was the most important Benz model before the merger with Daimler - Motoren - Gesellschaft in 1926.

 

1923 Mercedes 6/25/40 hp

The 6/25/40 hp — the first supercharged car — was powered by a small four-cylinder engine with vertical shaft, V-shape overhead valves and single steel cylinders.

 

1923 Mercedes 10/40/65 hp

Contrary to the 10/25/40 hp, the 10/40/65 hp had a 2.6 liter engine with subsequently installed supercharger.

 

1924 Mercedes 15/70/100 hp

Under chief engineer Ferdinand Porsche, a representative car model — the 15/70/100 hp — was developed in 1924.

 

1924 Mercedes 24/100/140 hp

Another representative car was the 24/100/140 hp whose engine developed 140 hp with the supercharger engaged.

 

1926 8/38 hp

After the merger of Daimler- Motoren- Gesellschaft and Benz & Cie into Daimler-Benz AG in 1926, the two-liter car was displayed at the Berlin Motor Show.

 

1926 Model K

The model K boasted the 6.3 liter engine of the 12/100/140 hp but had a shortened chassis, hence its model designation "K" because of its short wheelbase ("K" for "kurz" = German for "short").

 

1927 Model S

The "S" ("S" for "sport") with its supercharged six-cylinder engine was one of the outstanding production sports cars of the "Roaring Twenties".

 

1928 Model SS

The "SS" ("SS" for super sport) continued the successes of its predecessor, the "S", and won the German Grand Prix in 1928.

 

1926 8/38 hp

The model designation means "super sport version with short wheelbase". The SSK is inseparably linked with the names of Rudolf Caracciola, Manfred von Brauchitsch, Hans Stuck and others.

 

1928 Nürburg

Built from 1928 until 1933, the "Nürburg" was the first Daimler-Benz car with eight-cylinder engine.

 

1928 Stuttgart

The "Stuttgart" was a reasonably priced medium-class sedan of which 13,000 units were sold.

 

1930 770 "Grand Mercedes"

The engine of the 770 was an eight-cylinder in-line unit with a "whispering" supercharger.

 

1931 170

The 170 boasted an advanced technical feature: swing axles at the front and rear.

 

1933 380

In February 1933, the 380 was launched; its eight-cylinder in-line engine was derived from the six-cylinder unit of the 290.

 

1934 130

The rear-engined 130 was an example of technical innovation in the thirties. However, the rear-engine principle did not catch on at Daimler-Benz.

 

1934 500 K

In February 1934, the 380 was replaced by the more powerful 500 K — it was available in as many as ten different bodywork versions ex factory.

 

1936 260 D

In February 1936, Daimler-Benz presented the 260 D — the world's first large-scale production car with diesel engine — at the Berlin Motor Show.

 

1936 170 V

The pre-war Mercedes-Benz car with the highest production figures was the 170 V with four-cylinder engine; it was presented in Berlin together with the 170 H and 260 D.

 

1936 170 H

The "H" in the model designation 170 H relates to the rear-mounted engine which did not catch on.

 

1936 540 K

The 540 K largely corresponded to its predecessor, the 500 K, but was equipped with an even more powerful engine.

 

1939 230

In 1937, the 200 and 230 (W 21) were replaced by the 230 (W 143) whose 55 hp 2.3 liter engine (M 143) had already been used in the predecessor model.

 

1947 170 V

After the war, passenger car production was resumed with the proven 170 V (W 136).

 

1947 170 S

In May 1949, the 170 S and 170 D were the first newly designed post-war car models, presented by Daimler-Benz at the Technical Export Trade Fair in Hanover, Germany.

 

1949 170 D

The 170 D — the first post-war diesel-engined car with a 1.7 liter diesel engine — laid the foundation stone for the success of this type of car.

 

1951 220

The 220 with its completely new six-cylinder engine with overhead camshaft was presented at the first International Frankfurt Motor Show.

 

1951 300

The 300, the largest and fastest German production car in its day and age, soon became the favorite representative car of politicians and industrial leaders.

 

1952 300 S

In engineering terms, the 300 S was largely based on the 300 but had a shortened chassis. The 300 S was available as convertible A, as a roadster and as a coupe.

 

1953 180

In August 1953, the 180 — internal designation: W 120 — was presented, the first Mercedes-Benz car with a three-box body.

 

1954 220 a

A new 220 was launched in March 1954; its overall concept was based on that of the 180, but it differed from this model in terms of dimensions.

 

1954 300 SL

The legendary gullwing coupe was the first thoroughbred sports car to be developed by Daimler-Benz after the war.

 

1955 190 SL

The principle of creating a new car with already existing assemblies was applied not only to the 300 SL; a sporty model — the 190 SL — was developed in the same way, on the basis of the 180.

 

1956 220 S convertible

Two months after the discontinuation of 220 convertible A production in Sindelfingen, the successor 220 convertible A/C was presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 1955.

 

1957 300 SL roadster

The roadster replacing the gullwing was launched in March 1957. Four years later, this model was equipped with Dunlop disc brakes on the front and rear wheels.

 

1958 220 SE

The 220 SE was a new model with six-cylinder injection engine.

 

1959 220 b

In August 1959, a new tail fin bodywork with a safety passenger cell designed by Béla Barényi was introduced.

 

1959 220 SEb

The 220 SEb differed from the 220 b only in terms of engine and detail equipment features.

 

1961 220 SEb convertible

In August 1961, the 220 SEb convertible was presented, corresponding in all details to the coupe version with the exception of the missing roof and the required bodywork reinforcements.

 

1961 300 SE

In addition to being equipped with a four-speed automatic transmission and newly developed power steering, the 300 SE was the first Mercedes-Benz car with air suspension.

 

1961 190 c

The 190 c was one of the new four-cylinder models and, like the 190 Dc, belonged to the 110 series.

 

1961 190 Dc

The 190 c and 190 Dc replaced the 190 b and 190 Db with three-box bodywork and featured a new tail fin body like the six-cylinder models.

 

1963 230 SL

Successor to the 190 SL. A new roadster with a more powerful, re-bored version of the 220 SE's six-cylinder injection engine.

 

1963 600

With the 600, Daimler-Benz offered one of the world's most exclusive cars. It was launched at the International Frankfurt Motor Show in September 1963.

 

1965 W 108/109

In August 1965, a new luxury-class generation — models 250 S, 250 SE and 300 SE — were presented, replacing the tail fin models.

 

1968 Mercedes-Benz 200 D/8

Alongside the 280 S, 280 SE and 280 SL, new-generation mid-series cars were launched in January 1968.

 

1969 Mercedes-Benz 250 CE

In November 1968, the new 250 C and 250 CE coupe models were introduced in Hockenheim. A fundamental new feature, incorporated for the first time in a Mercedes-Benz production car, was the Bosch "D-Jetronic" injection system in the 250 CE.

 

1969 Mercedes-Benz 280 SE 3.5 Cabriolet

In September 1969, substantially more powerful versions of the 280 SE 3.5 coupe and convertible were introduced. The 3.5 liter V8 engine with 200 hp was a completely new development which excelled in terms of its smooth running characteristics.

 

1969 Experimental-fahrzeuge C 111/I

In September 1969, Daimler-Benz attracted worldwide interest with the presentation of the C 111 experimental car at the International Frankfurt Motor Show. The car was powered by a three-rotor Wankel engine with an output of 280 hp.

 

1970 Experimental-fahrzeuge C 111/II

A thoroughly revised version of the experimental car was displayed at the Geneva Motor Show only six months later - with a 350 hp four-rotor Wankel engine providing the car with outstanding performance.

 

1971 Mercedes-Benz 350 SL

In the spring of 1971, a new sports car from large-scale production - the 350 SL - was launched, replacing the 280 SL which had been produced since January 1968.

 

1972 Mercedes-Benz 280 SE

A completely newly developed luxury car series was presented to the public in September 1972. The Mercedes-Benz S-Class (internal designation: W 116) replaced the 108/109 series and was the first series for which the name "S-Class" was officially used.

 

1974 Mercedes-Benz 240 D 3.0

In July 1974, the model range was further expanded by the addition of the 240 D 3.0, the world's first production car with five-cylinder diesel engine. The latter generated an output as high as 80 hp from three liters.

 

1976 Mercedes-Benz 200

The "8" models from the W 114/115 series were replaced by a completely new development, a model series with the internal designation W 123, in January 1976.

 

1977 Mercedes-Benz 280 CE

In March 1977, the Geneva Motor Show was the stage on which a coupe version of the 123 series was presented. The 230 C, 280 C and 280 CE replaced the "8" coupes in the 114 series.

 

1978 Mercedes-Benz 450 SLC 5.0

A new top model in the 107 series — the 450 SLC 5.0 — was presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 1977, its most important new feature being its 5.0 liter light-alloy engine.

 

1979 Mercedes-Benz 500 SE

A new generation of S-Class cars was presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 1979. The 126 series comprised two bodywork versions - a "standard" version and a longer-wheelbase variant, commonly available for the luxury class sedans for generations.

 

1980 Mercedes-Benz 300 TD Turbodiesel

Large-scale production of the 300 TD Turbodiesel, launched in the fall of 1979, began in October 1980. The car was powered by a turbocharged version of the 3.0 liter five-cylinder engine, with an output of 125 hp

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